The combustion process that takes place inside your car’s engine produces numerous emissions. These involve carbon monoxide (which might be deadly), hydrocarbons (which pollute the environment), and oxides of nitrogen. Due to the pollution and well-being danger, these compounds pose, the government passed legislation in 1977 limiting their output. The result was that automakers were forced to design emission handle systems (ECS) for their autos.
Inside a few years, carmakers had begun to make technologies that allowed engines to adjust themselves, based on their emissions output. This integrated putting an oxygen sensor in the path of your exhaust leaving the engine. The sensor monitored the level of fuel and delivered that information to the powertrain handle module (PCM). The PCM would then adjust the quantity of fuel sent towards the cylinders.
Today’s vehicles are equipped with far more robust systems. The PCM – basically, a laptop or computer – monitors data from various sensors, and utilizes it to determine issues, and if doable, correct them. Below, we’ll take a closer look at the primary elements that comprise your car’s emission management system.
This component marks the biggest breakthrough in the design of emissions systems. The exhaust from your engine flows via the pipes and into the catalytic converter. The aspect includes a filter media which has been coated having a particular material. This material interacts together with the emissions contained within the exhaust. Carbon monoxide is turned into water. Hydrocarbons are turned into carbon dioxide. As a result, …